Dyslexia
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Resources for Students with Dyslexia

Resources for Students with Dyslexia

“Dyslexia is a learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component and or auditory processing of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Additional consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced experience that can impede the growth of vocabulary and background knowledge” (Minn. Stat. §125A.01, subd. 2). Dyslexia is one of the most common learning disabilities. Research from the National Center on Learning Disabilities suggests that one in five individuals is affected by dyslexia (NCLD, 2015).

Students with dyslexia may struggle with:

  • Learning to speak
  • Learning letters and their sounds
  • Organizing written and spoken language
  • Memorizing number facts
  • Word reading
  • Reading quickly enough to comprehend
  • Persisting with and comprehending longer reading assignments
  • Spelling
  • Learning a foreign language
  • Correctly doing math operations

Through the State Statute regarding Dyslexia, Minn. Stat. § 120B.12, MPS is required to screen students for characteristics of dyslexia and administer further diagnostic assessments based on the screening data.

MPS Screening Process using FAST (Formative Assessment System for Teachers)

Kindergarten: FAST earlyReading subtests (Spanish subtests for bi-literacy programs)

Fall

Winter (optional)

Spring

Concepts of Print

Onset Sounds

Letter Names

Letter Sounds

Onset Sounds

Letter Sounds

Word Segmenting

Decodable Words

Letter Sounds

Word Segmenting

Decodable Words

Sight Words- 50

Grades 1-5: FAST aReading

aReading is a computer-based, adaptive assessment that provides one overall score that is a measure of students’ broad reading ability. The following aspects of reading are measured within that one score (varies slightly by grade level): concepts of print, phonological awareness, phonics, orthography and morphology, vocabulary, and comprehension.

MPS Guidelines for Sharing Reading Assessment Data with Families

When: During conferences, phone call, parent meeting

Who: Classroom teachers

What:

  1. FAST screening parent report
  2. Report card indicators (e.g., “Reads grade level text accurately and fluently”) and report card guide and where to find samples
  3. What supports the child is receiving at school
  4. What supports/activities parents can provide at home

School districts do not diagnose dyslexia, as it is a medical diagnosis. If your child does have a medical diagnosis of dyslexia, please make sure you have notified your child’s teacher.

Does a dyslexia diagnosis mean that a student qualifies for special education services?

No. Students who have a dyslexia diagnosis must meet the state and federal special education eligibility criteria in order to qualify for special education services.